Tag Archive: Enterprise Data Lake Architecture

  1. Data Lake Part 2: File Formats, Compression And Security

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    In this article, I am going to discuss the File Formats, security, and compression of a Data Lake. Data lake architecture can explore data lake architecture across two dimensions.

    Data Lake File Formats And Data Compression

    Reading and Writing are the two primary segments of a Data Lake Essentials. Furthermore, here comes the organization of data lake record in underneath two capacities for reading and composing:

    Components to consider while picking a capacity position for WRITE: 

    • The information arrangement of the application must be good with the questioning configuration 
    • Watch for patterns that may change over time such as occasion data position by and large changes.

    File records the size and the recurrence of composing; for eg., in the event that you dump each clickstream occasion, at that point the document size is little and you should blend them for better execution as an essential to Multi-Data Lake Management.

    Needed Speed. 

    Variables to consider while picking a capacity design for perusing: 

    Data Lake Architecture, rather than the Relational Database Administrators, find a workable pace cluster of components, for example, document sizes, sort of capacity, degrees of pressure, ordering, blueprints, and square sizes. 

    In straightforward words, if applications are perused overwhelmingly, one can utilize ORC. 

    Smart and LZO have usually utilized pressure advances that empower effective square stockpiling and handling. 

    Document Size 

    Each document is spoken to as an article in the group name hub memory, every individual record possesses 150 bytes, as a dependable guideline. 

    Documents littler than the Hadoop record framework (HDFS) default square size — which is 128 MB — are viewed as little. Utilizing little records, given the enormous information volumes for the most part found in information lakes, brings about countless documents. 

    Apache Parquet 

    Another columnar document group has been getting a great deal of footing in the network. It is principally utilized for settled information structures or situations where hardly any segments require projection. 

    Apache ORC 

    ORC is a noticeable columnar record group intended for Hadoop’s outstanding tasks at hand. The capacity to peruse, decompress, and process just the qualities that are required for the present inquiry is made conceivable by columnar record designing. 

    While there are various columnar configurations accessible, numerous enormous Hadoop clients have received ORC.

    Same Data, Multiple Formats 

    It is very conceivable that one sort of capacity structure and record group is upgraded for a specific outstanding task at hand however not exactly appropriate for another. 

    In circumstances like these, given the ease of capacity, it is reasonable to make various duplicates of a similar informational index with various fundamental stockpiling structures document positions. 

    Data Lake Security Considerations

    It is prescribed that Data Lake Security is conveyed and overseen from inside the system of the venture’s general security framework and controls. 

    When all the information is accumulated in one spot, information security gets basic. Extensively, there are five essential areas of Data Lake Data Compression that are important to data lake security: Platform, Encryption, Network Level Security, Access Control, and Governance. 

    Data Lake Security Considerations

    Platform – This gives the parts to store information, execute employments, apparatuses to deal with the framework and the archives, and so on. Security for each kind or even every segment differs starting with one then onto the next. 

    NoSQL vault – as another option or to supplement the put-away substance; Namespaces and records get to like in conventional Relational Databases are utilized in ensuring these information stores. 

    Capacity level security – for example, IAM job or Access/Secret Keys for AWS S3, Posix like ACLs for HDFS 

    Encryption – All driving cloud suppliers bolster encryption on their essential articles store advancements, (for example, AWS S3) either as a matter of course or as an alternative.

    Undertaking level associations normally require encryption to put away information. Moreover, the advancements utilized for other capacity layers, for example, subordinate information stores for utilization, likewise offer encryption. 

    Administration – Normally, information administration alludes to the general administration of the accessibility, convenience, respectability, and security of the information utilized in a venture. It depends on both business arrangements and specialized practices. 

    System-Level Security – Another significant layer of security lives at the system level. Cloud-local develops, for example, security gatherings, just as conventional strategies. This execution ought to likewise be reliable with a venture’s general security structure. 

    Access Control – Ventures normally have standard verification and client catalog advancements, for example, Active Directory set up. Each driving cloud supplier bolsters techniques for mapping the corporate personality framework onto the authorizations foundation of the cloud supplier’s assets and administrations. 

    Data Lake Cost Control – Budgetary administration in large information arrangements is a top-of-mind need for each CEO and CFO around the globe. 

    Aside from information security, another part of the administration is Cost Control. Huge information stages have a bursty and capricious nature that will, in general, worsen the wasteful aspects of an on-premises server farm framework. 

    Sigma Data Systems Data Lake Capabilities 

    We as a Data  Science Organization underpin all the significant open-source designs like JSON, XML, Parquet, ORC, Avro, CSV and so forth for Data Lake Capabilities. Supporting a wide assortment of record designs adds adaptability to handle an assortment of utilization cases. 

    Hadoop – ORC Metadata storing bolster which improves execution by lessening the time spent understanding metadata. 

    Apache Spark – Parquet Metadata reserving which improves execution by lessening the time spent on perusing Parquet headers and footers from an item store. 

    Sigma Data Systems stays up with the latest regarding record position enhancements accessible in open source, permitting clients to exploit ongoing open-source advancements. 

    Encryption for information very still and information in travel as a team with your open cloud and system network suppliers. 

    Security through Identity and Access Management, we as an Enterprise data lake architecture furnishes each record with granular access command over assets, for example, bunches, and clients/bunches including: 

    • Getting to through API Tokens 
    • Google Authentication 
    • Dynamic Directory joining 
    • Utilizing Apache Ranger for Hive, Spark SQL and Presto
    • Validating Direct Connections to Engines 
    • SQL Authorization through Ranger in Presto 
    • Utilizing Role-based Access Control for Commands 
    • Utilizing the Data Preview Role to Restrict Access to Data 

    Security Compliance dependent on industry gauges: Sigma as a big data team conveys baselines in its creation surroundings that are agreeable with SOC2, HIPAA, and ISO-27001. Dashboards for cost stream across various business verticals inside the association. If you missed the basic Data Lake and its essentials, here is Part 1 – Storage And Data Processing. Do let us know about your data lake requirements in a comment or can directly contact Sigma Data Systems.

  2. What is Data Lake: Storage and Data Processing- Part 1

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    For your business to have the best data lake practices, BI tools are the go-to solution with data analysis for customer experience metrics. But businesses now are going beyond BI to meet with the latest data lake essentials. 

    That helps to stream better, to interact, analyze, and more to get advantages of data lake at its best. Now, a question arises to you for how BI tools analyze small sets of relational data? 

    Tools help to get sets of data in a data warehouse that requires small data scans to execute further. 

    As per the latest market search: ”The data lakes market worldwide is expected to grow at a CAGR of around 28% during the period 2017-2023.”

    For numerous data series, Sigma Data System will take you through the architecture of a Data Lake that explores across two dimensions:

    What is Data Lake?

    In the world full of data, you need a storage that holds all your business data with security. A data lake is one such storage repository that is best for a business to hold a vast amount of original data until it is used. 

    Here comes the comparison for Data Lake vs. Data Warehouse to store large volumes of data. Data warehouse stores data in a hierarchy format or as a folder. It stores data that undergoes a predefined process for a specific use. 

    Whereas Data Lake uses a simple data storage process in the form of enterprise data lake architecture that is linked with Hadoop object storage. So, once the source data is in a central lake without any solo control over a schema embedded, at a time sustaining an additional use case is a more simple implementation.  

    Let’s look at best practices in setting up and managing data lakes across three dimensions –

    1. Data ingestion
    2. Data layout
    3. Data governance

    To build organizational data more reliable and structured that can be accessible by end-users irrelevant to an industry like data engineers, analysts, data scientists, product managers and more. Data Lake is beneficial to assist better business insights in a cost-effective way to enhance overall business performance. 

    The main benefit of having a data lake is to get the advanced data analytics services that are possible only through data lakes.  

    In order to create a data lake, we should take care of the data accuracy between source and target schema.

    For instance, record counts match between source and destination systems. More towards key considerations, the following principles are needed for cloud-based data lake storage.

    1. High durability

    Without resorting to the high-availability of data and designs as the main repository of serious business data, very high stability of the core storage coat allows for excellent data strength. 

    2. High scalability

    Any huge volume of enterprise-level data needs to store with proper security and Data Lake is best proposed to stockpile massive data centrally. The Scalability of the enterprise data is a must as a whole when it comes to data scaling without running into fixed arbitrary capability limits.

    3. Unstructured, semi-structured and structured data

    Original data can be in any format. So to store all types of data within a the main design structure is mandatory and is possible with Data Lake in a particular storage area. JSON, XML, Text, Binary, CSV, are some of the examples of data storage.

    4. Independence from a fixed schema

    As we know, schema development is a basic need for the data industry where the ability to implement schema matters a lot. Schema development requires reading data as required for every use, can only be proficient if the underlying core storage layer does not dictate a fixed schema.

    5. Cost-Effective

    For Data Lake, it is advisable to permit your system with growing data for a quick scaling. Open source has zero payment cost and will be in charge of data models and cold/hot/warm data along with suitable compression techniques to avoid the increased cost.

    6. Separation from compute resources

    The most significant philosophical and practical advantage of cloud-based data lakes as compared to “legacy” big data storage on Hadoop/HDFS is the ability to decouple storage from compute and enable independent scaling of each.

    7. Complimentary to existing data warehouses

    A data warehouse is a storage pull for filtered and data in a structured format that is used for a specific purpose. So for a native base huge business data, Data Lake is definitely a complementary work for integrated data.

    Speed up your Data Lake operations with Sigma Data Systems –

    • Multi-cloud offering – A multi-cloud offering helps to keep away from cloud vendor lock-in by contributing a native multi-cloud platform along with support for their corresponding native storage. Options for the native storage are Azure Data Lake and Blob, Google Cloud Storage, AWS S3 Object Store. 
    • Unified data environment – What if the integrated data environment is not been allocated? An integrated data environment is mandatory as it helps to get connectivity to legacy Data Warehouses and NoSQL databases in the cloud.
    • Intelligent and automatic response – For storage and computed data, both are in need of random big data work. As it estimates the current workload to automatically predict the additional work and make an intelligent reason on time. 
    • Support for various mechanisms – Data Lake helps to accelerate Encrypted data at the break in an organization with your selected cloud vendor.                                                                                   
    • Multiple distributed big data engines – Spark, Presto, Hive, and other common frameworks are multiple engines that allow data teams to solve a wide variety of big data challenges. 
    • Support for Python/Java SDKs – It allows easy business data integration to your applications for structured data and to use it for better functioning. 
    • Ingestion and processing from real-time streaming data sources –
      Integration with well-admired ETL platforms helps data teams to address the real-time use cases through Talend, and Informatica platforms that increase speed adoption by traditional data teams.
    • Multiple facilities for data Import/Export – With the help of different embedded tools, big data teams can import the data and run analyses to export the output of your preferred data visualization services.


    The data storage practices help to get all data sorted well with Data Lake that builds numerous advantages using the collected business data. Cloud offers regularly growing the range of services they offer and big data processing seems to be in the center with AWS data lake solution architecture.

    A cloud data lake can break down data silos and assists several analytics workloads at lower costs.